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Levetec's  Wood Floor Page

Refurnishing and maintaining the beauty of your hardwood floors has never been easier. By following our simple, step-by-step sanding and refinishing guide, you can experience the satisfaction of returning your hardwood floors to their original beauty. Follow our easy to use floor care and maintenance tips and protect your valuable investment. ?

Call us at 1-866-538-3832 to learn more about the equipment you’ll need, the choice of professional floor finishers.

Sanding and Refinishing Equipment

Equipment Needed

Wood Floor Sander1. Panetary Sander
2. Edger Disc Sander
3. Rotary Floor Buffer / Maintainer (Optional)
4. Hepa Filter Vacuum
5. Sandpaper (fine, medium, coarse)
6. Grade 120 Mesh Screen Discs
7. Hammer and Nail Setting punch
8. Prybar
9. Hand Scraper
10. Dust Mask, Safety Glasses, Ear Plugs

Preparing the Floor

1. Remove quarter round molding or baseboard for a professional touch. Use a small wooden wedge between the wallboard and the pry bar to prevent damaging the wallboard.
2. Repair or replace loose boards by gluing and nailing.
3. Counter-sink all protruding nail heads with nail setting punch.
4. Vacuum or sweep the floor to remove debris that might scratch wood while sanding.

Sanding the Floor

NEW FLOORS (Recently installed or slightly worn)

FIRST SANDING: (Medium Abrasive, Grit 36-2) Install sandpaper discs on machine using Velcro plates. Position the sander along the wall in the direction of the wood grain, with approximately two-thirds of the length of the floor in front of you.

(1). Start machine by easeing back on the handle. Walk slowly forward at an even pace. As you near the wall, gradually turn at the same rate of travel. Align machine with last pass and return with half the machine hanging over the last pass. Cover the same path previously sanded, turning slowly upon the completion of this pass. The next passes should be done in the same fashion, moving the machine approximately half over into the unsanded floor area each time. After a few passes, you will notice your Vacuum's filter must start plugging up. Stop sanding and shake main filter free of dust if this happens. Better quality vacuums can reduce this effect.

(2). Upon completing the two-thirds portion of the room, turn the machine in the opposite direction and sand the remaining one third in the exact same manner, allow a two or three foot overlap of the first cuts. If you start to notice the sanding rate is dropping, your sanding sheet is probably clogged or worn out. Stop sanding and change your discs. If you continue operating with a worn out or clogged sanding sheet, you will eventually burn or damage your floor!

(3). After you have completed this operation, use the edger machine to sand near walls and in areas where the drum sander won't reach. Move the edger in a brisk left-to-right, semi-circular motion. (Use same grit abrasive as used on drum sander.) Hand sand or scrape corners and areas inaccessible by machine. Vacuum the entire floor. Apply wood putty to any exposed cracks or holes in wood. Allow to dry before proceeding to the next sanding step.

SECOND SANDING: (Fine Abrasive, Grit 80-0) Upon completing both drum and edger sanding operations with medium abrasive, repeat the same procedure with the fine abrasive - grit 80.

OLD FLOORS (Only if Generous amount of old finish to be removed, and /or uneven floor contours to be corrected)

FIRST SANDING: (Coarse Abrasive, Grit 20-3 1/2). Install aggressive sandpaper discs to machine.

If your floor is severely cupped or curled you may need to sand the high edges with the edger first to reduce damage to the sandpaper discs on the panetary grinder. Otherwise, sanding should always be done with the directions above for new wood floors.

Sand the floor in the same manner previously described. Ease the sander around upon completion of each pass. Sand the entire floor area in the same manner, overlapping approximately four inches on each new cut until you finish.

Remember if you start to notice the sanding rate is dropping, your sanding sheet is probably clogged or worn out. Stop sanding and change the sheet. Failure to change the sheet at this time will eventually lead to burn marks and damage to the floor.

After you have completed this operation, use the edger disc sander to sand near the walls and in areas the drum sander won't reach. Mover the disc edger in a brisk left-to-right , semi-circular motion. (Use same grit abrasive as used on the drum sander.)

DO NOT attempt to remove 100% of the old finish during this operation. Residual amounts will be removed during subsequent sanding operations. Vacuum the entire floor.

SECOND SANDING: (Continue sanding as indicated above, but with a medium abrasive - 36 grit. Apply wood putty to exposed cracks and allow to dry.)

THIRD SANDING: (Continue sanding like previous steps, but with a fine abrasive - 80 grit.)

Final Preparation

Screening The Floor
(Please note that this step is optional, but adds a professional touch to your floor.)

Slowly lower the floor buffer with a tan or green nylon pad attached over a 120 grit sanding screen. Keeping the buffer balanced, sand the entire floor in the direction of the wood grain, overlapping your passes by four inches, as you work your way to the wall behind you. Remove screen and shake out sawdust as it becomes clogged.

Hand scrape and fine sand areas the power sander was not able to reach. Vacuum the entire room thoroughly, especially around windows, sills, doors and door frames. Inspect the floor. Hand sand any imperfections and swirl marks that may remain.

Follow the manufacturer's recommendations and guidelines for applying your floor finish.

Helpful Hints

1. Check fuse supply as machine may overload circuit.
2. Remove furniture, rugs, curtains, pictures and any other conveniently removed items.
3. Complete wall covering and painting projects prior to refinishing floors.
4. Provide adequate ventilation during sanding and refinishing.
5. If the room has a large doorway, cover it with a dropcloth or plastic covering.
    Stuff towels or rags under bottoms of exit or closet doors. Cover all air vents.
6. NEVER stop the sander with the drum in contact with the floor.
7. Wear clean, soft footwear to avoid dirt marks and scratching.



1. Sanding dust is extremely combustible.
2. Never smoke or have open flames present while sanding or applying finish.
3. Empty sander dust bags frequently into container.
    Store container outside of job site to prevent possible fire hazard.
4. Unplug sanding equipment when not in use or when changing paper.


Contact Levetec for more information or a quotation.


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