1. Panetary Sander
2. Edger Disc Sander
3. Rotary Floor Buffer / Maintainer (Optional)
4. Hepa Filter Vacuum
5. Sandpaper (fine, medium, coarse)
6. Grade 120 Mesh Screen Discs
7. Hammer and Nail Setting punch
9. Hand Scraper
10. Dust Mask, Safety Glasses, Ear Plugs
1. Remove quarter round molding or baseboard
for a professional touch. Use a small wooden wedge between the wallboard
and the pry bar to prevent damaging the wallboard.
2. Repair or replace loose boards by gluing and nailing.
3. Counter-sink all protruding nail heads with nail
4. Vacuum or sweep the floor to remove debris that might scratch wood while sanding.
(Recently installed or slightly worn)
FIRST SANDING: (Medium
Abrasive, Grit 36-2) Install sandpaper discs on machine
using Velcro plates.
Position the sander along the wall
in the direction of the wood grain, with approximately
two-thirds of the length of the floor in front of
Start machine by easeing back on the handle. Walk
slowly forward at an even pace. As you near the wall,
gradually turn at the same rate of travel. Align machine
with last pass and return with half the machine hanging over the last pass.
Cover the same path previously sanded, turning
slowly upon the completion of this pass. The next passes
should be done in the same fashion, moving the machine
approximately half over into the unsanded floor
area each time. After a few passes, you will notice
your Vacuum's filter must start plugging up. Stop
sanding and shake main filter free of dust if this happens.
Better quality vacuums can reduce this effect.
Upon completing the two-thirds portion of the room,
turn the machine in the opposite direction and sand
the remaining one third in the exact same manner,
allow a two or three foot overlap of the first cuts.
If you start to notice the sanding rate is dropping,
your sanding sheet is probably clogged or worn out.
Stop sanding and change your discs. If you continue
operating with a worn out or clogged sanding sheet,
you will eventually burn or damage your floor!
After you have completed this operation, use the edger
machine to sand near walls and in areas where the
drum sander won't reach. Move the edger in a brisk
left-to-right, semi-circular motion. (Use same grit
abrasive as used on drum sander.) Hand sand or scrape
corners and areas inaccessible by machine. Vacuum
the entire floor. Apply wood putty to any exposed
cracks or holes in wood. Allow to dry before proceeding
to the next sanding step.
SECOND SANDING: (Fine Abrasive,
Grit 80-0) Upon completing both drum and edger sanding
operations with medium abrasive, repeat the same procedure
with the fine abrasive - grit 80.
OLD FLOORS (Only if Generous amount
of old finish to be removed, and /or uneven floor
contours to be corrected)
FIRST SANDING: (Coarse
Abrasive, Grit 20-3 1/2). Install aggressive sandpaper discs to machine.
If your floor is severely cupped
or curled you may need to sand the high edges with the edger first
to reduce damage to the sandpaper discs on the panetary grinder.
Otherwise, sanding should always be done with the
directions above for new wood floors.
Sand the floor in the same manner previously
described. Ease the sander around upon completion of each pass.
Sand the entire floor area in the same manner,
overlapping approximately four inches on each new
cut until you finish.
Remember if you start to notice the sanding
rate is dropping, your sanding sheet is probably clogged
or worn out. Stop sanding and change the sheet. Failure
to change the sheet at this time will eventually lead
to burn marks and damage to the floor.
After you have completed this
operation, use the edger disc sander to sand near
the walls and in areas the drum sander won't reach.
Mover the disc edger in a brisk left-to-right , semi-circular
motion. (Use same grit abrasive as used on the drum
DO NOT attempt to remove 100%
of the old finish during this operation. Residual
amounts will be removed during subsequent sanding
operations. Vacuum the entire floor.
SECOND SANDING: (Continue
sanding as indicated above, but with a medium abrasive
- 36 grit. Apply wood putty to exposed cracks and
allow to dry.)
THIRD SANDING: (Continue
sanding like previous steps, but with a fine abrasive
- 80 grit.)
Screening The Floor
(Please note that
this step is optional, but adds a professional touch
to your floor.)
Slowly lower the floor buffer
with a tan or green nylon pad attached over a 120
grit sanding screen. Keeping the buffer balanced,
sand the entire floor in the direction of the wood
grain, overlapping your passes by four inches, as
you work your way to the wall behind you. Remove screen
and shake out sawdust as it becomes clogged.
Hand scrape and fine sand areas
the power sander was not able to reach. Vacuum the
entire room thoroughly, especially around windows,
sills, doors and door frames. Inspect the floor. Hand
sand any imperfections and swirl marks that may remain.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendations
and guidelines for applying your floor finish.